Join us
Get subscribed
Bulletins

Privacy policy

Collaborate
Home > Jordi Pujol > Biography > Activist

Activist

Political Activist

At an early age, Jordi Pujol began to show an interest in the future of Catalonia from a nationalist point of view. When he entered university, he started to move in Catalan nationalist and anti-Francoist circles.

University Days

Jordi Pujol gained his first experience of politics in 1946 while he was at university. He joined various groups that were trying to rebuild the ideal Catalonia that the Spanish Civil War and the repression of the Franco regime had endangered:

Image of Jordi Pujol

  • Grupo Torras i Bages, where he met famous public figures such as Jaume Carner and Joan Raventós.
  • Comisión Abat Oliva, set up to reunite Catalans who had been separated by the Spanish Civil War.
  • Grupo Pere Figuera, which promoted Catalan nationalism by hanging Catalan flags, reviving Catalan symbols and painting walls with the words Visca Catalunya (Long Live Catalonia) or Catalunya torna (Catalonia has returned).
  • Cofradía de la Mare de Déu de Montserrat de Virtèlia which inspired his open-minded and conciliatory Catholicism.

Grup CC

His experiences in these groups motivated him to form a clandestine activist organisation called CC, which sought to unite all those people who wanted to rebuild Catalonia from a Christian and Catalan perspective.

Even in those early days, he expressed his concern for certain issues that he would continue to develop over time, such as immigration and the future European Union.

Events at the Palau de la Música and Prison

Starting in 1954, Pujol began a new phase of political activism against the dictatorship, during which the Franco regime dictatorship implicated him in the Palau de la Música incidents, the regime's police detained him and he was subsequently court martialled. He was sentenced to seven years in prison at the summary trial. He remained in prison until December 1962.

imatge del MHP Jordi Pujol assegut davant un cartell electoral

Pujol and Fer país (Building a Country): 1964-1974

He devoted this period to what he called fer país (Building a country), initiating activity in the fields of the arts and education to restore Catalan culture. More about "fer país" and cultural activism.

Troubled by the problems besetting Catalonia's economic situation, Pujol also became involved in the financial sector by founding a Catalan bank.

imatge del MHP Jordi Pujol en un miting

Pujol and Fer política (Making Policy): 1974-1980

In July of 1973, Pujol began preparing policies to implement upon the death of General Franco.

He believed that Catalonia needed to embody a country with a strong political base: a political arena equipped with liberal sectors, and people with a Social Christian outlook.

That is how Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya (CDC), CDC, was formed. However, the party was not granted legal status until February 1977. More about the beginnings of CDC.


Cultural activism

Most of his cultural activism occurred in the sixties. This is the period in which Jordi Pujol began to act on his ideological positions and carry out concrete initiatives. This is what he has called fer país (building a country).


Jordi Pujol coordinated participation between people with different ideologies and from various fields of activity in order to create a series of platforms that would put their actions practice.

Cultural Initiatives

He played an important role in the Centre d'Informació, Recerca i Promocions (CIRP) founded in 1964. The centre is mainly dedicated to the translation and circulation of articles from the foreign press, especially from Le Monde and Corriere della Sera.


The CIRP finances Catalan dictionaries and supports publishing houses such as Lavínia, record labels such as EDIGSA, as well as numerous magazines and journals. It also advocates the support of campaigns such as Catalan in schools, Catalan in the church, the Fabra campaign and the "We want Catalan bishops" campaign.


After establishing contacts with people who held the same cultural concerns as he does, Jordi Pujol made a decisive contribution to launching the Institució Pedagògica Rosa Sensat (PDF, 86 KB. Catalan) with the idea of starting up a Catalan school.


The Origin of Catalan Studies at University

In this period, he founded the company Estudis i Investigacions SA (EISA) that sought to establish various areas of study taught in Catalan at university, thereby completing the Centre d'Estudis de Matemàtica Aplicada, the Institut d'Història Social and the Institut Català d'Immigració.


Jordi Pujol has also been closely associated with other projects for civil society, such as his contribution to the Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana .


Through his contacts with civil society, Jordi Pujol has secured the participation of many diverse social sectors of Catalan nationalism.


Ideological Standpoint

The 1950s was the decade when Jordi Pujol began to feel a deep ideological self-affirmation and he spent many hours reading Catalan authors such as: Prat de la Riba, Almirall, Torres i Bages, Rovira i Virgili, Joan Maragall, Ferran Soldevila, Pierre Vilar, Jaume Vicens Vives and Raimon Galí.


Among the foreign writers he enjoys reading are those whose work is inspired by personalism - Emmanuel Mounier - as well as those from the revival of French Christianity.


In recent years, Jordi Pujol has focused on nationalist thought in what are considered to be his essential texts, such as Fer poble, fer Catalunya and Construir Catalunya. See a list of all titles by Jordi Pujol.




© 2014 Centre d'Estudis Jordi Pujol | RSS | Legal notice | Contact
Telephone: 933 428 535 - E-mail: info@jordipujol.cat